Pastors often find themselves in the unenviable position of being pulled in one direction by their calling and professional
training and in another by traditional expectations of the
congregation. What should they do?
In his book The Next Christendom: The Coming of Global Christianity, Philip Jenkins, a distinguished professor of history at Penn State, notes that the most significant changes in the world during the last portion of the twentieth century were not secular trends like fascism, communism, feminism, or environmentalism. According to Jenkins, "it is precisely religious changes that are the most significant, and even the most revolutionary, in the contemporary world. . . . We are currently living through one of the transforming movements in the history of religion worldwide." According to Jenkins, the church is exploding at unprecedented rates in the so-called Third World.